Vol.2 "Bengal Stripe"

[Bengal Stripe]

Bengal Stripes became popular in the UK in the 1800s, but in East India, it was already mentioned around 1680.
The roots are in the Bengal region, as you can see from the name.

It is also said that the stripes were worn by the British Indian army, Bengal Lancers, in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
It is said that a classic Bengal Stripe was created in everyday off -time, casually, and in mountainous areas, such as Chittagon and Silet, so that it could be dressed smartly.
The cloth was also found in the Bengal market, and was also located on a ship carrying products to a European coast.

Although it was confirmed in the picture that the regiment was a striped pattern, most of them were uniforms, especially for turban and cummer bands (bug pipes).
This was conscious of the patterns of local textiles for many generations.

● Bengal Lanzers

It refers to many regiments of the British Indian army.
The first equestrian regiment (Skinner's HORSE) is an Indian cavalry regiment who belonged to the British Indian Army before independence.

It began to be raised as Skiners Horse as an irregular cavalry regiment serving East India Company.
Later, it was renamed the 1st Bengallan Sasers. The regiment was one of the oldest cavalry regiment of the Indian Army Army unit (and now).

There were two Indian cavalry regulations raised by Colonel James Skinner.
The 1st Bengal Lanzers and the 3rd Skiners Horse.

When the Indian army was reduced, it became Skiners Horse (1st Duke of Yorks Own Cavalley).
Later, it became the first Duke of Yorks Own Lancers (Skiners Horse) to India's independence.

● Bengal Textile

The current Bangladesh, especially the Dhaka region, which reaches the Balisal in the north to the south in the north, was the most valuable and finest hand -woven cotton fabric in the world for centuries.
Merchants that buy highly evaluated cotton fabrics and silk fabrics produced by the common people in this area have come from all over the world.

In the Bengal region, many types and varieties of fabrics were produced, regardless of self -consumption and exports, based on cotton, silk and blend.

It was a well -known place around the world, with the history of high -quality fabrics and rich fabrics centered on cotton. The tradition of making high quality textile is still going back to ancient times.
Before the birth of Christ, there was a record that local fabrics had been exported to Rome, especially Moslin fabrics.

In India, there is a long history of producing and trading various fabrics with plain and pattern, including cotton and silk.
"Most of the cotton, which ran around the world, has originated in the Indian Asa continent, which was one of the major producers of cotton, between 1200 and 1800 AD.
(The Spinning World: a Global History of Cotton Textiles, 1200-1850)

● To Europe

The first Europeans who brought back fabric directly from other regions in India, such as Bengal, were Portuguese in the early 1500s.
Pilard de Laval, who traveled to Bengal in the early 17th century,
"The residents (Bengal) have a wonderful and skillful needle work such as cotton, cloth, and silk regardless of gender, and there is nothing so beautiful, even for small stitches." He says.

● British East Indian company

The Netherlands and the United Kingdom also participated in the Indian Ocean trade in the early 1600s, but their fiber trade was initially focused on interconnection in Asia, buying Indian textile products and exchanging Indonesian spices and other Asian products.

When British merchants bought Indian silk and carico and brought them back to their homeland, the "national remodeling" was performed.
Every aspect of British life has become entangled with Indian things. In 1664, more than 250,000 Calico was imported to England.
Bengarsilk, silk cloth tafetta, and plain white cotton mosslin also had almost the same demand.

Until the mid -17th century, the United Kingdom was an unusual place for clothing, textiles, and fashion. However, this situation changes rapidly from the latter half of the century.

The leading role of the change is India, first of Gwarat, then Madras, and Bengal.
The East India Company in the UK to Asia has brought back useful spices and textiles to the United Kingdom and contributed to the more and more exciting Britain of the UK.

◉ 1607
The first time in the UK India Company visited the Indian Continent was Gujarat.
For about 30 years, this area was the main supplier of the East India Company Indian fiber products.

◉ 1640
A base in Madras, Southern India, has another important base for textiles.

◉ Around the 1660s
The third base is Bengal, the most important base, and the company that the company began to buy textiles. Initially, the ratio of Bengal was very low, but gradually increased, becoming a major supply area for textile products required by East Indian companies.

◉ 1725
Bengal's contribution to East India's fiber export was larger than the total of the other two centers, which continued throughout the 18th century. In other words, a significant amount of Indian fabrics exported to the UK has been brought by Bengal.

The large amount of Indian fabrics imported by the East India Company was not only consumed in British fashion and daily life, but also a valuable trade currency. Some fabrics brought to the UK have been consumed, while others have been re -exported around the world to buy African slaves. However, it is clear that many of the reorganizations in Africa are produced in Goujalato or some of them are Madras, but looking at the amount of imports and ratio from Bengal, the re -fabric of Indian fabrics in the UK in Africa. Exports should have also included Bengal's elements. For example, it is known that 30-40 % of the Indian fabrics imported by East India companies were re -exported to Africa from 1720 to 1740.

◉ 1750-1800
In 1750, the production of world manufacturing, including China and India, accounted for nearly 57 %, and India itself accounted for almost a quarter.
In 1800, India's global share decreased to less than one -fifth, in 1860 to one -tenth, and less than 3 % in 1880.

● Development of cotton industry in the UK

In 1800, India's global share decreased to one -fifth, one -tenth in 1860, and less than 3 % in 1880.
The Indian share, which accounts for the global manufacturing product production, has dropped sharply in the half century of 1750-1800, before factory-led industrialization in the UK.
The British cotton industry developed and spread from the 1760s to 1830s.

Before that, the woven fabric, the wool industry, was thriving. The cotton industry has been replaced by cotton industry, which has the advent of cotton stockings and the development of manufacturing technology, but the biggest factor is the epidemic of Carico Print.

Calico is an Indian cotton cloth, and a carico print with colorful patterns has become popular in women's fashion, importing fabrics from India and dyeing it in Japan.

However, because imports have been restricted due to the opposition of woven focuses, and more efficient production of cotton demand, more efficient production was needed.
The invention of cotton spinning technology was needed, and the Crafts Promotion Association gave a prize.

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