vol.8『 SNEAKERS 』

vol.8 "Sneakers"

The original NEW of the UK has become the prototype of modern athletic shoes. Liverpool Rubber Company Manufactured by companyPrimsoll(Sand shoes).

1850Around the year, when the railway was opened, the worker class living in the city began to travel. People began to go to the seaside by trainPrimSollAppeared in Europe.




He is a member of the British CongressSamuel Plimsoll(1824-1898).

He expressed concern about the loss of ships and crew due to overloading ships.1876After the year, a white line on the hull (PRIMSOLL LINE)) If the ship is overloaded, it is obliged to mark the side of the ship with a line that disappears into the draft.

The sand shoes also had a similar band -shaped rubber, and people used the water depth until their feet got wet. For that reason "Primsoll " It is now called.





1900At the beginning of the age, the American rubber companyPrimsollI started making.

At that time, advertising agencies began to call them "sneakers", saying that there was little sound, so they could sneak up on people while wearing them. Most of the rubber shoes were manufactured by tire manufacturers, not shoe manufacturers.

GoodrichU.S. RubberHood Rubberteeth,PF FlyersKedsArrowThe brand called the brand was launched and started selling athletic shoes.



"History of rubber"

It is said that the first rubber was the Amazon lowland Indio.

The rubber ball excavated from the archeological site of Bellesque, Mexico is BC16001200It is said that it was made around the year. Christopher Columbus brought this rubber to Europe.

1495On the second voyage of the year, I saw an Indio of Ispanola (now Haiti and the Dominican Republic) playing with heavy balls. The ball was made of plant sap and jumped surprisingly high. At that time, in Spain, he used animal bladder expanded for ball games.

The navigators who followed Columbus brought back rubber several times to Europe, but they were not found in practical use just because they were "unusual on the new continent." At this time, the rubber was hard in winter, and it was a nasty thing that stuck and smelled in summer.

The first study of the use of rubber was Charles, France=It is Mari de La Condamine. He was dispatched to Peru from the French Science Academy to measure the length of the evening, and at that time he had the opportunity to explore the South American jungle. At this time, he saw the indigenous sap from the cow -back tree in the Ecuador, gathering white sap that was white, smoke, and making containers, balls, hats, and boots.

1735The New Year's Condamine brings back the sap -hardened balls and sap, but the sap that is not processed by smoke is fermented during the voyage and is useless.



It was the UK's natural philosopher Joseph Pri -Street (17331804Year).

Until then, the letters written with a pencil had been erased with a wet bread, but it was discovered that rubber lumps would disappear better, and the "rubber" English name "RubberIn the sense of rubbing1770He was named in the year.

This eraser is sold in the UK under the name "Indian rubber", which caused a misunderstanding that the rubber was from India.


● Macintosh

1823A new application that takes advantage of the characteristics of the year has developed a Glasgow scientist, Charles Macintosh (17661843Year).

The rubber was dissolved in a naphtha (waste from a gas production factory) and applied it on a cloth to make a waterproof coat using this cloth. This coat is called "Macintosh", which triggers this discovery, and rubber has been used for machinery, socks, boots, hats, etc.

The rubber -coated jacket was highly waterproof and popular, but still became stiffer in winter and was sticky in summer. Naturally, people stop buying, and the rubber boom is sluggish.


● Goodyear

Charles Goodyear () overcomes this rubber drawback.18001860Year).

Five years after the start of the experiment1839I found that it was stable, stronger and more flexible by adding sulfur to the year's gum and heating. With this discovery, the use of rubber will expand dramatically.

1850In the age, pavilions made of rubber appeared at the World Expo in Paris and London, and became widely known.


● Dunlop

1889In the year, Dunlop in the UK developed bicycle tires for the first time.

Scotland -born veterinarian John Dunlop asked by his son to make a three -wheeled car more easily and faster, and made tires with a rubber tube around the wooden circular plate. When attached to a tricycle, good results were obtained. Dunlop got a patent for air tires because of this reputation.

1889Established a company in Dublin.

Until then, solid rubber tires are replaced by air tires.

1906In the year, car tires are also developed.

1908Released in the United StatesTType Ford19Approximately a year1500It will be the bestseller that sells many units.

1910Since the age, when the automotive industry began to get on track, the rubber became a hottest product.

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